Mutations in the FGD4 gene cause an autosomal recessive demyelinating peripheral neuropathy referred to as CMT4H, characterized by its onset in infancy or early-childhood and its slow progression. The clinical and genetic status of two patients with CMT4H was studied, performing genetic testing with a panel of genes and analysing FGD4 mRNA expression by quantitative PCR. Two novel FGD4 variants (c.514delG and c.2211dupA) were identified in two mildly affected Spanish siblings with CMT4H, and with disease onset in late adolescence/adulthood (one of them remaining asymptomatic at 20). On examination, foot deformity was observed without weakness or sensory involvement, and in the muscles of the lower extremities magnetic resonance imaging showed no fat replacement. Further analysis of FGD4 expression in peripheral blood suggested that neither mutation affected splicing, nor did they affect the dosage of FGD4 mRNA (compared to a healthy control). It was predicted that each allele would produce a truncated protein, p.Ala172Glnfs*28 (c.514delG) and p.Ala738Serfs*5 (c.2211dupA), the latter containing all the functional domains of the native protein. The conservation of functional domains in the proteins produced from the FGD4 gene of two patients with CMT4H, could explain both the milder phenotype and the later disease onset in these patients. These results expand the clinical and mutational spectrum of FGD4-related peripheral neuropathies. For more information click here.