Mitochondrial disorders are a group of rare diseases, caused by nuclear or mitochondrial DNA mutations. Their marked clinical and genetic heterogeneity as well as referral and ascertainment biases render phenotype-based prevalence estimations difficult. Here we calculated the lifetime risk of all known autosomal recessive mitochondrial disorders on basis of genetic data. We queried the publicly available Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD) and our in-house exome database to assess the allele frequency of disease-causing variants in genes associated with autosomal recessive mitochondrial disorders. Based on this, we estimated the lifetime risk of 249 autosomal recessive mitochondrial disorders. Three of these disorders and phenylketonuria (PKU) served as a proof of concept since calculations could be aligned with known birth prevalence data from newborn screening reports. For more information click here.