Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a prototype autoimmune disease that leads to characteristic fatigue and weakness of the ocular, bulbar and respiratory muscles, as well as of the body’s and limbs’ muscles. According to the affected muscle groups, MG is divided into ocular and generalized forms. The modified Osserman scale is often used to evaluate the disease severity. Depending on the age of onset of symptoms, MG is classified into adult MG, juvenile MG and congenital myasthenic syndromes.
Research on MG epidemiology is an important task as its diagnosis calls for multidisciplinary collaboration between medical professionals from different specialties. MG patient population is heterogeneous in age. Comorbidities in adult patients are frequently observed. The deteriorating prognosis of MG requires a precise and extensive study of this pathology.
This article aims to analyze the epidemiological data on MG, estimate MG’s prevalence in Bulgaria and to present the patient pathway with emphasis on key steps and critical challenges. Read the whole article here.