Kabuki syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by distinct dysmorphic facial features, growth deficiency, intellectual disabilities, unusual dermatoglyphic patterns, and skeletal abnormalities. The incidence of hip dislocation in Kabuki syndrome ranges from 18% to 62%. We reviewed the outcomes of management of hip dislocations in patients with Kabuki syndrome with special attention to the diagnostic processes for hip dislocation and Kabuki syndrome. Among 30 patients with mutation-confirmed Kabuki syndrome, we selected six patients who had hip dislocations and reviewed their medical records and plain radiographs. The modes of presentation and diagnostic processes for both hip dislocations and Kabuki syndrome were investigated. The management and treatment outcomes of hip dislocations in patients with Kabuki syndrome were evaluated. The management of hip dislocation by conservative or surgical method showed successful results. Awareness of Kabuki syndrome could lead to an early diagnosis of this rare disease in patients with hip dislocation and allow for early detection of other underlying conditions and multidisciplinary management. For more information click here.
Clinical decision-making tools addressing rare diseases