This study aims to describe a large cohort of Italian patients affected by osteogenesis imperfecta, providing a picture of the clinical bony and non-bony features and the molecular background to improve knowledge of the disease to inform appropriate management in clinical practice.
A total of 568 patients affected by osteogenesis imperfecta who received outpatient care at Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli from 2006 to 2021 were considered in the present study.
Half of the patient population showed one or more deformities, and most of the patients had suffered a relatively low number of fractures (<10). An alteration in the sclera color was identified in 447 patients. Similarly, several extraskeletal features, like deafness, dental abnormalities, and cardiac problems, were investigated. Additionally, inheritance and genetic background were evaluated, showing that most of the patients have a positive family history.
This study supports the definition of a clear picture of the heterogeneous clinical manifestations leading to variable severity in terms of skeletal and extra-skeletal traits and of the genetic background of an Italian population of osteogenesis imperfecta patients. In this perspective, this clearly highlights the crucial role of standardized and structured collection of high-quality data in disease registries particularly in rare disease scenarios, helping clinicians in disease monitoring and follow-up to improve clinical practice. Read the full article here.