The monograph “Hereditary retinal dystrophies” by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Elena Mermeklieva describes the nature of hereditary retinal dystrophies, which are genetic diseases from the group of “rare eye diseases”. The etiopathogenesis, the clinical presentation, the modern diagnostic methods, as well as the possibilities and perspectives for treatment of the separate nosological entities are described in detail. The most up-to-date scientific information on the topic is presented, as well as interesting examples from the author’s practice. The social aspects related to these rare but severely disabling diseases are also considered.The topic would be of interest to ophthalmologists, geneticists, electrophysiologists, molecular biologists, optometrists and social workers, as the right care for these patients requires close collaboration and good cooperation between all these specialists.